What appeal will persuade the owner to spare them? John justifies his call to repentance by announcing that the kingdom of heaven has come near. 1 John 3:12. Were there no οὐ, 1 John 3:11 might be regarded as a parenthesis: “he that loveth not his brother, even as Cain was, etc.”. Without law there is no gospel…. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. The message originally announced is still in effect (, New and esoteric teaching about faith and morals disqualifies itself by its very newness!”. Jerome informs us that toward the close of the apostle’s life, after he had become too infirm to preach, he still continued constantly to give the exhortation, “Little children, love one another.” He tells us how he remarked. Later, Jesus will make these connections even more explicit, saying, “this is Elijah, who is to come” (11:14) and “I tell you that Elijah has come already, and they didn’t recognize him, but did to him whatever they wanted to” (17:12). Perhaps some have thought that because Christians talk about a “personal relationship with Jesus Christ” that it is only us and Jesus who matter. People no longer feel guilty of sin but think of themselves as victims of impersonal forces that shape their lives. Aggelia os related to a number of important NT words including aggello - to announce, paraggello = command; kataggello - to proclaim, euaggelion = gospel, etc. The first ἀγγελία told us the nature of God (1 John 1:5); the second tells us our duty towards one another. The other uses are found in John 13:34; 15:12, 17; Ro 13:8; 1Th 4:9; 1Pe 1:22. John fits the bill, calling the people to repentance in preparation for the coming of God’s kingdom—for the Day of the Lord (Isaiah 13:6)—for a day when “The loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be brought low; and Yahweh alone shall be exalted in that day” (Isaiah 2:17)—for a day when the Lord will come “with wrath and fierce anger; to make the land a desolation, and to destroy its sinners out of it” (Isaiah 13:9)—for that great and awesome day (Joel 2:11). But according to John that isn't what we need at all. The winnowing fork is used to throw grain into the air, where the wind can carry away the lighter chaff while the heavier grain settles back to the floor. 8Therefore bring forth fruit worthy of repentance! “John the Baptist came” (v. 1b). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/1-john-3.html. His plan to take his ax to the tree is a final solution. Hosea spoke of the wilderness as the place where God speaks tenderly to his people and brings them hope (Hosea 2:14-15). Our apostle comes now to enforce his exhortation unto brotherly love, by many weighty arguments: 1.He assures them, that this precept concerning brotherly love was given them by Christ and his apostles, from the beginning of the preaching of the gospel: This is the message ye heard of him from the beginning. The message that John and his faithful followers had heard from the beginning was Jesus" command to His disciples to love one another as He had loved them ( John 13:34-35; John 15:12). The Pharisees accept oral law and resurrection, both of which the Sadducees reject. "Commentary on 1 John 3:11". Because (proof that absence of love of the brethren excludes from God’s family) the message which ye heard from the beginning (the announcement which from the beginning of the preaching of the Gospel was made to you. Instead, Jesus will have his disciples and John will have his. When John (appeals) for repentance, therefore, he (is) inviting his hearers to make a radical break with their sinful past and to turn afresh to the God who (will) soon come in judgment” (Gardner, 61). “He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and fire” (v. 11c). 6They were baptized by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins. We are also surprised to see Pharisees and Sadducees lumped together. For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, angelia- “a message brought;” in several manuscripts, and in later editions, it is.

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