A typical SY male tail, although the pattern on r3 is not clearly visible from this view. A typical SY female, dull gray, with only a small pale yellow patch on the side of the breast. 2020. eBird Status and Trends, Data Version: 2018; Released: 2020. American Redstarts live in deciduous forests, often near water, during the summer and those who breed in Ontario are believed to migrate to South America and the Caribbean. Photo by Simon Duval, Photo by Marie-Anne Hudson, As is the case for SY males, SY females have a molt limit between the greater and primary coverts that is often rather subtle and difficult to detect with certainty. The lining is usually made of feathers and hair. Most SY males can be easily recognized by the presence of some black feathers, most commonly in the lores, but sometimes also in the throat and upper breast. Warblers in general are often called "the butterflies of the bird world," but the Redstart may live up to that nickname more than any other species. Most North American warblers do not molt into a drab fall/winter plumage; the challenge posed to those trying to identify warblers in the fall results from looking at mostly juvenile birds. ASY males have blackish wings with extensive orange markings on the primaries and secondaries. The male is black with orange patches on each wing, on the sides of its breast, and at the base of its tail on either side. updated profile is located at: http://www.natureinstruct.org/piranga/view.php/Canada/BED38F505F0B8509. Photo by Simon Duval, McGill Bird Observatory, August 2009. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), August 2010, An HY male with unusually extensive yellow on the tail, extending over to the outer Photo by Peter Pyle, Braddock Bay Bird Observatory (NY), May 2010, A particularly dull SY female with no yellow at all visible on the primaries or secondaries. A typical HY female tail, with the yellow on r3 limited to the outer web. The female usually builds the nest and incubates four to five eggs for up to two weeks. McGill Bird Observatory, August 2005. Western Washington American Redstarts are most commonly seen along the Skagit River at the Skagit/Whatcom County line.Click here to visit this species' account and breeding-season distribution map in Sound to Sage, Seattle Audubon's on-line breeding bird atlas of Island, King, Kitsap, and Kittitas Counties. Migrants, summer residents, and possibly some breeders are also found infrequently in northwestern Washington. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, ASY males have blackish tails with large orange patches on rectrices 3-6. Wood-warblers, usually called “warblers” for short by Americans, are strictly a New World family. The female also has a white eye-ring. A typical AHY female wing, with distinctly broad and rounded primary coverts, no molt outer coverts are relatively broad and rounded, 5) However, some SY males may lack any black plumage, and can appear quite similar to females. Examine the primary coverts - on HY/SY birds they American redstarts live in deciduous forests, often near water, during the summer and those who breed in Ontario are believed to migrate to South America and the Caribbean. This map depicts the seasonally-averaged estimated relative abundance, defined as the expected count on an eBird Traveling Count starting at the optimal time of day with the optimal search duration and distance that maximizes detection of that species in a region, averaged across the pre-breeding migration season. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, McGill Bird Observatory, May 2005, JAN - JUL:  second-year male. among examples. McGill Bird Observatory, August 2007, Note in comparing the three photos above that the colour of the tail patches can vary from Note that the extent of yellow on the primaries and © 2002- The Photo by Simon Duval, American redstarts are mostly insect eaters, flashing their bright colors to flush bugs from tree leaves and branches, then picking them off in flight. They commonly spread their tails and wings, displaying their orange or yellow spots. A typical ASY female wing with broad, dark primary coverts not contrasting at all are a paler brown than the adjacent greater coverts and usually the outer coverts are narrow and tapered, tail patches is quite limited, barely extending to the inner web of r3. McGill Bird Observatory, May 2005. McGill Bird Observatory, September 2006, An example with yellow almost crossing over the entire inner web of r3, and with the any American Redstart systematically replacing its flight feathers is an AHY. MerryLea (IN), May 2007, A somewhat paler wing, especially in terms of the reduced amount of yellow visible, A larger percentage of HY males can be recognized by having distinctly orange (rather than yellow) patches on the sides of the breast. Juveniles and first-year males look like females, although first-year males generally have some black on the upper breast or head. The American Redstart is a unique warbler. Some of these declines may be from habitat loss due to natural maturation of forests, but others may be directly or indirectly related to habitat degradation from fragmentation. Photo by Marie-Anne Hudson, Photo by Simon Duval, A relatively typical HY male with orange patches on the breast and a distinct contrast several dark growth bars across the tip of the tail. McGill Bird Observatory, August 2006, Another view of the same individual as above, showing some reddish tinges on the In this example, the primary coverts are only slightly paler than the greater coverts.

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