Volume-1, Issue-1, April 2013, ISSN: 2320:9526. Although working class children were given opportunities to access higher education there were still struggles for them. Marxian prespective provide a radical alternative to functionalist view of the nature of social stratification. In terms of education, conflict theory has to do with the inequalities caused by tracking and standardized testing because all schools do not have the same amount of funding and learning conditions. Education and Social Class, a Conflict Perspective The bourgeoisie are people who own properties and factories, they come under the … Education hits many hot spots in today’s society: funding, test scores, school choice, gender equality, race division, and economic division. The conflict theorist perspective on education and income is that one would affect the other. Just looking through Washington Post articles online you see there are constant articles referring to many of the hot topics in education such as: Parents and teachers rally for public education funding at schools across the country, Beyond test scores: The right way to asses students and schools, and finally An urban school serving needy kids posted big…, 1. A sociologist would say that the social stratification within education comes from the conflict theory because…, This is because education opened up opportunities for the working class children, believing that everyone should be treated equally in society (Gerrand, 2012). Further, education does not completely help the oppressed people because the white rich class has more power over the working class children who have basic literacy skills (Nurenberg, 2011). Major changes according to Marx are a result of new forces of production. Conflict Theory and education are closely linked. For example, if the child passed the exam they go to a grammar school. Bowls and Gintis (2013) support his argument “Education reproduces the attitudes and behavior for divisions of labor. However, this is not true because there are children from Pakistani or Indian background who live in disadvantaged areas and their children managed to get good grades. For example, Social Attitudes In To Kill A Mockingbird, The Importance Of Procedural Safeguards In The Special Education Process, The Conflict Theory And The Conflict Theories Of Education. Figure 1Karl Marx Conflict Theory and Educational System Marx believes that current education system is reproducing social classes; the students passed out from the public schools have least social mobility. Marxism: Structural Conflict Theory Marxism: Structural Conflict Theory 3 3 2. For example, majority of working class children were failing 11+ exams and some were turning down offers of sending their child to a grammar school, this was due to financial problems (Bartlett, Burton & Peim, 2001). Conflict theory states the tension and conflict arises when there is an unequal contribution of wealth, resources and power distributed between the groups in society (Crossman, 2016). There can be other factors such as the family culture and their mindsets as social class can play an important role of an individual 's attitude towards education (Gorman, 1998). Conflict theorists point to tracking, a formalized sorting system that places students on “tracks” (advanced versus low achievers) that perpetuate inequalities. From a conflict theorist point of view the…, Stratification However, this differs in the functionalist perspective because they believe that the social phenomena is there for the society to run and it benefits everyone regardless of their class (Bartlett, Burton & Peim, 2001). Reader, Department of Education Ravenshaw University, Cuttack-753003, Odisha, India E-mail: sudarshanmishra@yahoo.com. Defining Conflict Theory In general, conflict theory seeks to scientifically explain the general contours of conflict in society: how conflict starts and varies, and the effects it brings. This shows inequalities in education and also explains how the conflict theorists see school as a struggle between the. Conflict theorists ask how schools contribute to unequal educational outcomes and distribution of people in stratification systems (such as social classes). EDUCATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF CONFLICT THEORY. The two groups are the bourgeoisie and the working class people known as proletariat. Conflict theories of education. The central concerns of conflict theory are the unequal distribution of scarce resources and power. Pedagogy of Learning (P OL) An International Journal of Education. The ruling class uses schools, along with the media and other means of communication, to disseminate ideas that will support its continued rule. Conflict theory assumes that the ideas held by a society are the ideas of the ruling class. The functionalist theory was great at explaining how the society runs but they fail to make a change in society (Bartlett, Burton & Peim, 2001). While educators may believe that students do better in tracked classes because they are with students of similar ability and may have access to more individual attention from teachers, conflict theorists feel that tracking leads to self-fulfilling … sess the adequacy of two theories in account- ing for available evidence on the link be- tween education and stratification: a func- tional theory concerning trends in technical skill requirements in industrial societies; and a conflict theory derived from the approach of Max Weber, stating the determinants of Education uses the conflict theory to explain the inequalities in school systems. Conflict theorist would purpose that the lower income society would not offer the best education consequently, this would make it difficult for these group of people to invest in the best strategy to have a substantial income. They would argue that a community or a certain group of people would be at a disadvantage where the best education would be in question.


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