He stated that, “Men of copper can be made into men of silver and even of gold, if they possess their attributes”. After birth, exercise must be supplemented by various means that will keep the child from becoming frightened or emotional. Instead, education serves to identify those who are capable of philosophizing and helps to strengthen the characters of those who are capable. Socrates then spontaneously progresses to the cave analogy in order to explain the process of coming to know the good by means of education. If the soul had resisted desire in its celestial life, it would have continued to occupy itself, in a transcendent existence, with the contemplation of ideas. 4 The Plato’s education system is not logical there is no relationship from one stage to the other stage. The word music was used in a much broader sense than we use it today. According to Plato- Education the initial acquisition of virtue by the child, when the feelings of pleasure and affection, pain and hatred, that well up in his soul are channelled in the right courses before he can understand the reason why… education, then is a matter of correctly disciplined feelings of pleasure and pain . Plato valued education and the way it changes people. Social discrimination and disabilities of scheduled tribes. They show unjust men as happy, just men as unhappy, injustice as profitable, and justice as being someone else's good and one's own loss. For the Greeks and Plato, excellence is virtue. He shows Glaucon what would happen if a prisoner was unchained and allowed to leave the cave and see reality. Succinct introduction that covers a good deal of ground. Socrates says, "Don't use force in training the children in the studies, but rather play. Further, Socrates says it is better that the philosopher-kings rule unenthusiastically or else they will become greedy for power which leads to tyranny (520d). Although Socrates found it necessary to drag Glaucon out of the cave and into the light using images, Socrates still prefers that his students do not simply accept the truth, but come to it on their own. © COPYRIGHT THROUGH EDUCATION 2019. Additionally, tales cannot include displays of laughter (389a). He does not try to tell Glaucon and Adeimantus what to think, as though he were putting "sight into blind eyes," but instead helps them turn around and focus on what is important and true. Moreover, to support this issue Plato asked: are dogs divided into hes and shes, or do they both share equally in hunting and in keeping watch and in the other duties of dogs? He stated that education should made obligatory to all the citizens of the state, so that they can develop their mental faculties and can become respected units of state. gymnastics) for the training of the body. Glaucon reacts as if he has stepped out of the cave for the first time and does not know what to make of his bright surroundings. Everything You Need to Know About Getting a Post-Secondary Education, The Necessity of Moral Education in the Modern Age, educational system we have in the present. Quick, fiery natures suited to music are usually too unstable for courage in the face of war, and trustworthy, brave natures that excel in war are often slow intellectually (503c-d). “Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind. He was totally against gender and religious discrimination and proposed that education should be provided to all without any discrimination i.e. Not only is mathematics useful for practical matters, but its abstractness causes students to exercise their intellect and ask questions about what really is. Instead, the two accounts of education must be patched together and evaluated in relation to each other and the dramatic context of the dialogue in order to discover Socrates' preferred method of education. Through this powerful image of the cave, Socrates shows Glaucon the good and suggests how it is to be obtained. The aim of education, according to Plato, is the welfare of both the individual and the society. It is the social method by which society can become quick to respond about the consciousness and can learn to do their duties effectively in the society. He emphasised that teachers should have enthusiasm, they should have a spirit of helping students, and good behaviour, treat students with equality and friendship.He  believed that students learn many things from their teachers, not only what teachers teach, but also social behaviour through the example shown by their teachers. Plato didn’t see a difference between what men and women were capable of, and their roles in a perfect society required both sexes to be educated. On the other hand, you also have people who go on to specialize in their skills and education through post-secondary education like certification programs, vocational school, undergraduate programs, up to doctorate programs. The curriculum for the early training, that occupied first seventeen years of life, was comprised of music and gymnastics. Plato always believed that education is related to individual and societal characteristics, in fact it gives individual to understand knowledge which is equivalent to virtue, it can threw a light on soul to know the truth as well. Thus metaphysics is the aim of education and learning . His guiding principle is that, “Nothing must be admitted in education which does not conduce to the promotion of virtue. That’s why Plato’s teacher Socrates wants to correct the social evils through the knowledge in order to know the virtue. Socrates says that careful crafting of tales is important because they are the most effective method of educating guardians' souls. We see in his work the classical Greek concern for body and mind. It is through the to and fro of argument amongst friends (or adversaries) that understanding grows (or is revealed). Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education. Plato was known for having ideas about a perfect state, and he believed that education was one of the keys to eradicating evil and achieving this. Hare, R. M. (1989) Plato, Oxford: Oxford University Press. So, women have got the same duties as men, and in order to fulfil their duties they must have the same nurture and education. from visible world to the intelligible world. Plato believed that education began from the age of seven and before this children should stay with their mothers for moral education and genders should be allowed to plays with each other. Those who excel in their studies, war, and other duties will be chosen at age thirty to be tested in dialectics to determine "who is able to release himself from the eyes and the rest of sense and go to what which is in itself and accompanies truth" (437d). In case it succeeds in overcoming the lower side of its nature, it will return to its star, otherwise it will sink lower and lower, passing through the bodies of different animals (transmigration of souls). Tales cannot depict fighting among the gods and, further, children must actively be told that citizens have never been angry with one another (378c). Caught up in the fun of imagining the ideal city, Glaucon cannot fathom that it would be as austere as Socrates suggests and desires that it be more luxurious. Plato believed that an educated state could lead to the perfect state. Philosophers cannot stay in the light forever and the cave cannot be eliminated, or else lawlessness would prevail and the city would be destroyed. First he would see shadows, then reflections in water, then things themselves, then the night's sky, and finally, the sun--which is an image of the good and what is (516b). In the Spartan system of education which was in control of the state, and parents separates their children when they attain four years and they will send them to be taken care by the perfects and state take care of their education and involvement of parents in this regard was not there.

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