So, when there is a dysfunction, the perspective proposes the correct these by the use of experts in planning and professionals. The three theories are functionalist theory, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism theory. Functionalist perspective is helping the education by socialization The functionalist perspective sees society as a system. It is functional because it ensures that the dirty work is done. Poverty and the ‘undeserving poor’ Much sociological thinking on poverty, especially in the 1970s and 1980s, has revolved around the relative importance of social structures and individual agency in explaining the prevalence and perpetuation of poverty over time. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable.As such, it is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro-level of everyday life. A sociological viewpoint that argues that social inequality is necessary for the survival of any society or for any small or large organization. Poverty is nothing but a big conspiracy. Functionalism is the view that if you are in poverty then you can work your way up to upper class if you work hard and want to achieve. Key Terms. Sociology: the scientific study of the development, structure and functioning of human society (Oxford). Possibly, there is an ultimate balance by the existence of poverty by depicting a clear division of power and wealth. Government has been quite generous with welfare programs and truly helping poverty to get ahead or keep their homes. They are the structural-functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, and the symbolic interactionism. live in poverty or live below the poverty line. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structure that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms. Sociologists employ three major theoretical perspectives in sociology today. Notable theorists include Herbert Spencer , Talcott Parsons, and Robert K. Merton. The individual lives and acts within society but society is nothing, in spite of the combination of individuals for cooperative effort. If there is wealthy people there, FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE ON POVERTY: It creates low paying jobs that are needed, farm workers, gardeners, childcare workers, and restaurant workers. One main reason for having a high percentage of people living in poverty is because the U.S. policy makers have ignored the poor and have given tax breaks to those with a much higher income. It is argued that without this inequality, division of labour would be difficult (not everyone can be team captain). By looking at different parts of society functionalist try to achieve balance and harmony. Specific Explanations of Poverty. The functionalist and conflict views focus broadly on social stratification but only indirectly on poverty. Society does not exist independently without individual. live in poverty or live below the poverty line. (20 points) Then there is the conflict perspective, it believes and states that because there is conflict in society there will be poverty in society as well. On the other hand, society exists, This world is filled with many social problems; a lot of them are nearly impossible to come up with a solution for. Many of the world's social problems such as poverty, violence, pollution, prostitution, AIDS, drug abuse, and unemployment, some of the most widespread and unfortunate social problems, are more prevalent in our world's cities and urban areas. Poverty is a big issue that society deals with worldwide. In other words, community members convey similar thoughts and emotions regarding the betterment of their community through the devotion of fulfilling a goal. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. A perspective is simply a way of looking at the world. With little success with the economic reform the United States has been going through for the past five years, about 14.5 percent of Americans are still living under the, Complementary And Alternative Medicine ( Cam ), Evolution Is A Controversial Topic Among Scientists And Religious Supporters, Sexism And Gender Roles Throughout America.

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