He led the Wessex army to a great victory at the Battle of Ashdown. In 1066, several rival claimants to the English throne emerged. "[2] This refers to a period in the late 8th century when Offa achieved a dominance over many of the kingdoms of southern England, but this did not survive his death in 796.[3][4]. Richard III was crowned on 6 July 1483 with. The then Prince Louis landed on the Isle of Thanet, off the north Kent coast, on 21 May 1216, and marched more or less unopposed to London, where the streets were lined with cheering crowds. After the Monarchy was restored, England came under the rule of Charles II, whose reign was relatively peaceful domestically, given the tumultuous time of the Interregnum years. << Alfred the Great's Legacy - Alfred the Great's Successors - Aethelstan (Athelstan) >> Wessex kings of England When King Alfred died England south of the Tyne was divided into two parts, the line passing diagonally from Chester to the Thames estuary below London. Henry VII was crowned on 30 October 1485. England came under the control of Sweyn Forkbeard, a Danish king, after an invasion in 1013, during which Æthelred abandoned the throne and went into exile in Normandy. Edward VI was crowned on 20 February 1547. The Houses of Lancaster and York are cadet branches of the House of Plantagenet. [70] "King Louis I of England" remains one of the least known kings to have ruled over a substantial part of England.[71]. Meantime, the Viking advance slowed down. William II was crowned on 26 September 1087. This is the moment when legend has Alfred burning cakes in a peasant woman's cottage - a tale which was already in existence in the tenth century. James was descended from the Tudors through his great-grandmother, Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of Henry VII and wife of James IV of Scotland. The English and Scottish parliaments, however, did not recognise this title until the Acts of Union of 1707 under Queen Anne (who was Queen of Great Britain rather than king). In addition, many of the pre-Norman kings assumed extra titles, as follows: Æthelstan: Rex … Edward III was crowned on 1 February 1327. King Alfred the Great by the Founder of Oriel College. Henry IV seized power from Richard II (and also displaced the next in line to the throne, Edmund Mortimer (then aged 7), a descendant of Edward III's second son, Lionel of Antwerp). Alfred the Great was king of Wessex from 871 to 899. Richard lacked both the ability to rule and the confidence of the Army, and was forcibly removed by the English Committee of Safety under the leadership of Charles Fleetwood in May 1659. After further victories in Northumberland and North Wales, he is recognised by the title Bretwalda (Anglo-Saxon, … There had been attempts in 1606, 1667, and 1689, to unite England and Scotland by Acts of Parliament but it was not until the early 18th century that the idea had the support of both political establishments behind it, albeit for rather different reasons. Henry VIII was crowned on 24 June 1509 with. However, Alfred was able to claw back a victory at Edington in Wiltshire that year. King Alfred generally called himself ‘the king of the Angles and of the Saxons’, but one of his pennies carried the inscription ‘Rex Anglo’, so it might be that King Alfred could be called the first King … Richard I was crowned on 3 September 1189. Edward VI named Lady Jane Grey as his heir in his will, overruling the order of succession laid down by Parliament in the Third Succession Act. But before the end of the year he succeeded in effecting a peace, probably by paying a sum of money to the invaders. [107][108] Acts were passed in England and in Ireland which made it high treason to deny Philip's royal authority (see Treason Act 1554). Alfred the Great was the first king of the Anglo-Saxons and one of only two English rulers to have been given the epithet ‘the Great’. Michael K. Jones and Malcolm G. Underwood, Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain, Alternative successions of the English crown, Family tree of English and British monarchs, List of monarchs of the British Isles by cause of death, List of rulers of the United Kingdom and predecessor states, "Family of Edgar +* and Aelfthryth +* of DEVON", "Ethelred II 'The Unready' (r. 978–1013 and 1014–1016)", "Edmund II 'Ironside' (r. Apr – Nov 1016)", "Edward III 'The Confessor' (r. 1042–1066)", "William I 'The Conqueror' (r. 1066–1087)", "William II (Known as William Rufus) (r. 1087–1100)", "Richard I Coeur de Lion ('The Lionheart') (r.1189–1199)", "England: Louis of France's Claim to the Throne of England: 1216–1217", "Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain (1554)", "History of St Giles' without Cripplegate", "Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector, 1626–1712", "William III (r. 1689–1702) and Mary II (r. 1689–1694)", "Archontology – English Kings/Queens from 871 to 1707", "British Royal Family History – Kings and Queens", "English Monarchs – A complete history of the Kings and Queens of England", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_English_monarchs&oldid=990251181, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 17:28. When the House of Lancaster fell from power, the Tudors followed. Following the death of Harold Godwinson at Hastings, the Anglo-Saxon Witenagemot elected as king Edgar Ætheling, the son of Edward the Exile and grandson of Edmund Ironside. Some historians prefer to group the subsequent kings into two groups, before and after the loss of the bulk of their French possessions, although they are not different royal houses. Charles I was crowned on 2 February 1626. When Henry died, Stephen invaded England, and in a coup d'etat had himself crowned instead of Matilda. Henry II named his son, another Henry (1155–1183), as co-ruler with him but this was a Norman custom of designating an heir, and the younger Henry did not outlive his father and rule in his own right, so he is not counted as a monarch on lists of kings. The First King’s English. King Henry married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, thereby uniting the Lancastrian and York lineages. After Harthacnut, there was a brief Saxon Restoration between 1042 and 1066. His son Edward the Elder conquered the eastern Danelaw, but Edward's son Æthelstan became the first king to rule the whole of England when he conquered Northumbria in 927, and he is regarded by some modern historians as the first true king of England. He dissolved the Rump Parliament at the head of a military force and England entered a period known as The Protectorate, under Cromwell's direct control with the title Lord Protector. The House of Plantagenet takes its name from Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, husband of the Empress Matilda and father of Henry II. Edmund Tudor's son became king as Henry VII after defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, winning the Wars of the Roses. Although described as a Union of Crowns, until 1707 there were in fact two separate crowns resting on the same head. Louis VIII of France briefly won two-thirds of England over to his side from May 1216 to September 1217 at the conclusion of the First Barons' War against King John.

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