What motivates the pursuit of knowledge in these themes/ areas of knowledge? Click here to try IBMastery. Explore this with reference to a few examples. How are you feeling about the TOK presentation? What makes this theme/ area of knowledge important? The TOK course is assessed through an oral presentation and a 1,600 word essay. Knowledge questions may explore who defines, ‘possesses’ and ‘authorizes’ knowledge. Click here to read about 20 ideas you could present! Determinism and Causality. By continuing to use this website, you consent to our use of these cookies. Gregg Henriques, Ph.D., is a professor of psychology at James Madison University. It asks students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know. Theory of knowledge (TOK) is assessed through an oral presentation and a 1,600 word essay. What responsibilities rest on the knower as a result of their knowledge in these themes/ areas of knowledge? I was fortunate in that I had an instructor who was able to communicate the insights of each with effectiveness. 1) define what personal circumstances are, 2) consider why it is assumed that personal circumstances affects how seriously your knowledge is taken, 3) (most importantly) discuss if this matters, One way of approaching this question is writing about the notion of biased perspectives and biased knowledge. Click here! ���tEX�5�_^e�P�晏]pq^�ey6M�X�P%�]�Jd]o���Q�m��Yı�����\Y�,����yp�����)�'�$^¢RV�����]��Zf��5�������c��2m��ڶ��wWSv�Mi����3��rc9N��[�XT{xA��~��Qv3��k��,������UW���Dv����=��k����� ?Q��.N|�z��)�y�C��O鄑]JG�˶j�Α�������6��JG��y�Y[���"K�Ï�uY�K³8���bR�\ٮ��]ݵP���-y�rm� CXF��i�gY Throughout the TOK course, you will explore knowledge questions on four elements: scope, ethics, perspectives and ethics & tools. %��������� What are the key current open/ unanswered questions in these themes/ areas of knowledge? • Claims that are made about knowledge. Although you might not have labeled it as such, your reaction to these statements is reflective of your theory of knowledge. Description The Justified True Belief theory splits knowledge into three different categories: belief, truth and justification. A good knowledge question, based on the real world scenario of the driverless cars, could be: "In what way do moral judgements differ from other kinds of judgements?". It asks students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know. If so, there may be a sharp line, if not, perhaps the distinction is more subjective. I know you'll find this TOK Mathematics notes helpful, but there is an even better version available to our supporting members here (the full Mathematics notes) --along with some very helpful TOK videos and other sources for your TOK essay and presentation. It therefore demonstrates the ways in which the student can apply their knowledge with greater awareness and credibility. Knowledge questions may explore what counts as a fact and what is not. Justification systems are the interlocking network of language-based beliefs and values people use to determine what is legitimate and why. I hope you will join me on this journey and find that reflecting on your TOK is an enriching and life-deepening activity. Repeat this analysis for the second AoK and consider if the same conclusion holds true for both AoK’s. In other words, does the system make predictions about facts to be discovered? The most central of these is "How do we know? This blog will introduce this TOK, known as the Unified Theory. Naturally, we as knowers take information from famously biased people, organisations, or news sources less seriously than ones in which we believe bias has not affected the information. How do we judge which is the best model of Y? Click above for our free guide! TOK is part of the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) core, and is mandatory for all students. "I know that snow is white"), knowledge by acquaintance is familiarity with a person, place, or thing, typically obtained through perceptual experience (e.g. Theory of knowledge (TOK) plays a special role in the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Diploma Programme (DP), by providing an opportunity for students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know. Knowledge by description is predicated on something with which we are acquainted, sense-data, and some knowledge of truths, like knowing that "such- and-such sense-data are caused by … In the video presented by A.C Grayling presents a lot of different real life situations, and it relates all to our own sense perception. What ethical responsibilities do we have regarding knowledge that has been created or published by other people? To consider the difference in describing/explaining from the ‘explainer’ one may place it in context of one of the natural sciences as an area of knowledge. Is the difference between describing and explaining also sharp when considering it from the point of view of the learner? Theory of knowledge (TOK) plays a special role in the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Diploma Programme (DP), by providing an opportunity for students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know. A New Personality Test Also Gauges Mental Health, Psychology Today © 2020 Sussex Publishers, LLC, The Neuroscience of Feeling Surprised by Unpredictability, 14 Traits Found in Highly Religious People, Why Three Doctors' Heads Are Better Than One, The Many Faces of Stress During the COVID-19 Pandemic, explicit international course of study on TOK, Most Mental Disorders Are Not Mental Diseases, Justification Systems Theory Applied to Politics, Empirical Support for the Tree of Knowledge System, The Problem of Psychology and the ToK System, A New Metapsychology for the 21st Century, Making Sense of the World, Subjectively and Objectively. Before I answer that, take a minute and consider your reactions to the following claims: George W. Bush was an outstanding president. Tweet So there we have it, three of this year’s TOK essay titles broken down! Many knowledge questions begin with the words ‘how do we know’, ‘what counts as knowledge in...’, ‘to what extent...’ and words such as ‘belief’, ‘evidence’, ‘justification’, ‘certainty’, ‘culture’, ‘evidence’, ‘explanation’, ‘interpretation’, ‘truth’, ‘values’, ‘experience’ may be part of the knowledge question. This question is broader and can applied to other real life situations as well. You can find some examples of general knowledge questions based on these elements below. First, what is meant by “acquaintance” and“description”? Would great artists have created the masterpieces of today if they had questioned their purpose in producing the art instead of questioning ‘why not’? Science is more reliable than faith. a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty. be aware of themselves as thinkers, encouraging them to become more acquainted with the complexity of knowledge. This makes TOK quite different from a philosophy course. What does the term mean? Although I did not know it at the time, awareness of psychology's fragmentation led me to ask a deceptively simple question that ultimately would result in a fundamentally new TOK. This question is exploring the different methods of acquiring knowledge and whether new, useful knowledge is best acquired by asking “why?” or “why not?”. © International Baccalaureate Organization, 2005-2020, We use cookies on this site. You can use these examples to provide evidence for your claims when you explore the essay question. Approximately 15 years ago, I was in an advanced psychotherapy class, learning about the various models and methods of psychotherapy, including psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral, humanistic, and so forth. Whereas knowledge by description is something like ordinary propositional knowledge (e.g. Knowledge questions may explore distinctions and boundaries between subject areas. How Can I Support My Child as an IB Parent. While my TOK may well be more coherent, empirical, and comprehensive, if I were to be transported back into his time and attempted to live in his world, the conduciveness of my TOK relative to his may well be far lower. There is a mountain of information to unpack in the final of the three TOK essay titles. Learn more about theory of knowledge. Shall we dismiss other knowledge, which may hold the same validity, simply because an individual’s personal circumstances cloud our judgement of the knowledge produced by that individual? Knowledge questions may imply links between areas of knowledge, the themes and also the four elements of the course: scope, perspective, ethics, tools & methods. What is the nature of the contribution of influential individuals to these themes/ areas of knowledge? When discussed here, a person's TOK refers to the explicit justification systems he or she has for making sense out of the world. These are the second-order claims made in TOK that are justified using the tools of TOK, which usually involve an examination of the nature of knowledge. Knowledge question urge you to focus on TOK ideas rather than things you would normally discuss in subject lessons. '0���(v�]�2E� �}��˃��o�YK�Q�O��;�m�$8


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