The minor scale degrees all have the same names as the ones in major, except the 7th degree, which is called the subtonic. All minor scales have a half step between the 2nd and the 3rd of that scale/key - that is the pattern and what you feel/hear as "minor" when you play a 3 note simple chord with the root/third/fifth. As a young kid I underestimated the knowledge of music theory. It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. Let’s have a listen to how it sounds: Remember, the melodic minor is only used on the ascending scale. However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use:. I have added piano fingering marks for the right hand to the sheet music to help you. Come back down again and you have just played the descending A Natural Minor Scale. This set pattern of note intervals beginning on D leads us to a scale with all white notes except for a B Flat instead of a B natural: The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. I became more efficient in analyzing and memorizing chord progressions and it was also a helpful tool for song writing and understanding how to improvise over these chords. Having fun with harmonic minor scales on piano and guitar. The crucial thing to remember is you only need to change the natural minor scale on the way up. Can you see how the scale is different going up and down the notes? To play the scale for A harmonic minor on the piano, you put the scale together as shown below. Let’s have a look at each minor scale in turn. Hopefully this lesson has helped you understand the 3 different minor scales. When writing music in the melodic minor scale, composers write out the song using the natural minor pattern, and then they add the accidentals that modify any ascending 6th and 7th notes afterward. When you hear the term minor scales, you may be led to believe that this set of scales is much less important than the grand collection of major scales. The same pattern also applies for each note up and down the guitar neck. Whatever note you start with on the top (low E) string is the tonic and therefore names the scale. Let’s have a look at a couple of examples: Have a look at the sheet music for the A Melodic Minor Scale: It occurs when the 7th note of the natural minor scale is raised by a half step. If someone asks you to play an A minor scale on the guitar, for example, you play the pattern below. Minor scales are an important part of music theory. Playing harmonic minor scales on the guitar is simple. Let’s ha… The set pattern of intervals for the notes of the natural minor scale is: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone, Video lessons, worksheets and EXCLUSIVE CONTENT. The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. You just position the pattern shown below over the root (tonic) position that you want to play in. on Twitter Once I learned how to build chords of a major or minor scale, the logic of chord progressions made much more sense. Share this post: Subscribe to our mailing list and get FREE music resources to your email inbox. Natural minor scales follow the interval pattern of WHWWHWW, which translates into Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step. But the truth is that the arrangements and tones (or note sounds) available in the minor scales — divided, according to composition, into the natural, harmonic, and melodic minor scales — can be much more flexible for a composer to use than the major scales alone. Learn about the Minor Scale. In order to build an A Harmonic Minor Scale we simply play the natural minor scale, but raise the 7th note. On the way up you need to raise each of the 6th and the 7th notes by a semitone (half tone). Try to remember this pattern. on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. The set pattern of intervalsfor the notes of the natural minor scale is: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. The melodic minor scale is derived from the natural minor scale. Ideally, you should try playing the minor scales on a piano or keyboard to get used to the sound and feel of them. The minor scale is the scale which sounds negative – it is used by composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods. It is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the Major Scale in the Key of C on the Piano (only the white keys from C to C) and every Major Scale has a relative minor Scale as seen when looking at the Circle Of Fifths.Below is how a Minor Scale is built. While you’re going up in pitch when playing a piece, you raise the 6th and 7th degrees of the natural minor scale a half step, but during parts of the same piece where the pitch goes down, you play the notes according to the natural minor scale. If someone asks you to play an A minor scale on the guitar, for example, you play the pattern below.

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