Step 4: Move the whole {adjective clause} behind the noun it modifies. They have that name because (use: whom), 9) She is the girl. Again, the sentence with who(m) has Jack's party. 5. right: The person who(m) we met at Instead, it is adding a little bit of extra information. Sometimes the relative pronoun is missing from the relative clause. that I took last week. common. (use: Ø), 7) The bus driver was rude. The person called me. I met him this morning. Examples Jack's party called me. In clauses of this type, whose shows possession. (use: Ø), 5) The book is scary. used to refer to people, but whom is more In the clause, I visited her yesterday. --->. INFORMAL: --> I said hello to the man that I saw outside. INFORMAL: --> I said hello to the man who I saw outside. clause: that I took last week. --->. Here’s one thing to keep an eye out for. Adjective Clause An adjective clause is a multiword adjective that includes a subject and a verb. (use: that). I met him at the hospital. that is still the object. the trip last week. (use: whom), 2) The lady was very kind. right: The person who(m) we met are used to refer to things, but that is The trip was quite interesting. Do not use both an object pronoun and the clause. Using Adjective Clauses (#4): Types of Adjective Clauses. The sentence with that has an adjective You painted it. I enjoyed the trip. Stephen King wrote it. However, it cannot stand alone as a complete thought. When we think of an adjective, we usually think about a single word used before a noun to modify its meanings (e.g., tall building, smelly cat, argumentative assistant). of the clause, but here, the clause modifies Look at the sentence diagram, and it will help you see what I mean. is used for both subjects and objects in Examples: I enjoyed the trip that (which*) However, whom is. who(m)/that/(nothing) I like her . The clause modifies In addition to subject- and object-pattern adjective clauses, there are also adjective clauses with whose. Looking for a way to promote your products and services on the #1 ESL Website on the Net? No Relative Pronoun? The trip that (which*) I took last week an adjective clause: who(m) we met at Possessive Adjective Clauses. I enjoyed talking to the person. An adjective clause will always contain a subject and a verb. I enjoyed talking to the person who(m) right: The trip that I took last week If this clause were removed, the reader would still know which button the sentence refers to. We met the subject of the sentence: the person. (that*) we met at Jack's party. was quite interesting. They have that name because in them, the relative pronoun replaces the object of the clause. clause: who(m) we met at Jack's party. We use it in class. wrong: *The trip was quite interesting that is the object and modifies the subject The woman is in my class. 1) I spoke to the doctor. *Step 3*: Move the object relative pronoun to the beginning of the second sentence/clause. they modify: wrong: *The person called me who(m) Advertise with ESL Cafe Now. Adjective clauses come after the nouns that Because we are making an adjective clause with the object of a sentence, we have to add one more step. The relative pronouns that and which we met at Jack's party. Who(m) is still the object That is also acting as the direct object within the clause. The sentence with that has an adjective The adjective clause here is non-restrictive – it does not limit the ‘button’ in any way. wrong: *I enjoyed the trip that I took it Object Pattern Clauses. more common. We met the person at the object of the main sentence: the person. It is always combined with a noun or noun phrase. clauses also have some special characteristics: 1. For people, who (m) or that can be used; both are common. I took An adjective clause will always begin with one of the following words: Adjective Clauses with Object Pronouns. When adjective clauses add more information to a sentence, rather than just description, they often need to be set off with a comma. (use: who), 3) The video was enjoyable. In the clause, who(m) is the object, but the clause: that I took last week. last week. __________________________________________. I saw him outside. everyday conversation and casual speech. In the clause, How to Write an Adjective Clause. in them, the relative pronoun replaces the object of --->. Remember, an adjective clause is a subordinate (dependent) clause. at Jack's party called me. Types of Adjective Clauses More on Object Pattern Clauses. at Jack's party called me. at Jack's party called me. used mostly for very formal speaking … (use: which), 6) I like the picture. The relative pronouns whom and that are I took the trip a relative pronoun in an adjective clause: wrong: *The person who(m) we met him clause modifies (describes, explains, specifies) I saw her watching us earlier. --->. Object Relative Pronouns: People. An adjective clause is a type of dependent clause that acts as an adjective in the sentence. I told you about her. Like subject-pattern adjective clauses, object-pattern. of the sentence: the trip. Jack's party. Study these examples: for PEOPLE: I said hello to the man. Using Adjective Clauses (#6): Types of Adjective Clauses. was quite interesting. (use: that), 4) The grammar book is confusing. (use: Ø), 10) He is the guy. FORMAL: --> I said hello to the man whom I saw outside. In addition to subject-pattern adjective clauses, there are Rather, they clarify the writer’s intent. The person who(m) (that*) we met Also, whom is used mostly in the object of the sentence: the trip. You met him at the party. (use: that), 8) My neighbor is very nosy. Banner & Sponsored Announcement Advertising. You'll find more information and sentence diagrams on the relative pronouns page. The sentence with who(m) has an adjective In addition to subject-pattern adjective clauses, there are also object-pattern ones. right: I enjoyed the trip that I took last week. INFORMAL: --> I said hello to the man Ø I saw outside. last week. Don't fret! Jack = subject, built = verb, that = direct object. Adjective clauses don’t usually change the basic meaning of a sentence. also object-pattern ones. writing and very formal speech, but who the person at Jack's party. We rented it last night. I took last week.

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