© Copyright 2014, Managementguru.net. 4. Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished goods should be piled vertically one above another rather than being strewn on the floor. 2. 7. Only through an efficient layout, the organization can attain the following objectives: Overall integration of factors: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting activities and others in a way that the best compromise is obtained. Special purpose machines are used which perform the required jobs (i.e. Minimum movement: A good layout is one that permits the minimum movement between the operations. Disclaimer 9. As the work has to pass through different departments; it is quite difficult to trace the responsibility for the finished product. Non-standardised products are manufactured; as the emphasis is on special orders. Lesser work-in-progress and minimum manufacturing cycle time. The layout should be so designed as to reduce work bottlenecks and facilitate uninterrupted flow of work throughout the plant. Dependence of whole activity on each part; any breakdown of one machine in the sequence may result in stoppage of production. —George R. Terry, “Plant layout involves the development of physical relationship among building, equipment and production operations, which will enable the manufacturing process to be carried on efficiently”. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. 1. Same machines duplicated for manufacture of different products; leading to high overall operational costs. Breakdown of one machine does not result in complete stoppage of work. Lesser wage cost, as unskilled workers can learn and manage production. The plant and machinery in case of product layout and departments in case of process layout should be arranged as per sequence of operations of most of the products. shareholders, management employees and consumers. According to Muther there are six basic principles of “best layout”. Principle of Overall Integration: According to this principle the best layout is one which provides integration of production facilities like men, machinery, raw materials, supporting activities and any other such factors which result in the best compromise. Inclusive integration – The plant should integrate all the important resources of men, machine, and materials into a single operating unit so as to maximize efficiency and minimize cost of production. Principle of integration: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting services and others in order to get the optimum utilization of resources and maximum effectiveness. 3. 3. All departments should be smoothly integrated, convenient to service and easy to supervise. Lower investment due to general purpose machines; which usually are less costly than special purpose machines. all lathes, milling machines etc. Economy in handling of materials, work-in-process and finished goods. 5. Copyright 10. Process may have to be brought to work, instead of “vice-versa”; because materials or products are too large or heavy to permit bulk or continuous handling by mechanical means. There should be in-built provision in the design of layout, to provide for comfort and safety of workers. Generally a combination of the two basic layouts is employed; to derive the advantages of both systems of layout. Where one or few standardized products are manufactured. Uni-direction flow: A good layout is one that makes the materials move only in the forward direction, towards stage of completion, with any backtracking. All available cubic space should be effectively used both horizontally and vertically. 4. Following is an account of the various types of plant layout: In this type of layout, all the machines are arranged in the sequence, as required to produce a specific product. 6. Principles of Plant Layout. Where a possibility of a good balance of labour and equipment exists. And when straight line flow is not possible, other flows like U-shaped flow, circular flow or zig zag flow may be adopted, but the layout may ensure that materials move in the forward direction. Reduced material handling cost due to mechanized handling systems and straight flow. Adapted to frequent changes in sequence of operations. Prohibited Content 3. Readers, this is the most popular page on jacksonproductivity.com. Certain useful observations on the concept of plant layout are as follows: (i) Plant layout is very complex in nature; because it involves concepts relating to such fields as engineering, architecture, economics and business management. Principles of Plant Layout: Principle of integration: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting services and others in order to get the optimum utilisation of resources and maximum effectiveness. Make effective utilisation of cubic space. 2. A good rather an ideal layout is one which provides maximum satisfaction to all concerned i.e. Social Media Marketing Strategies for Small Businesses, Objectives and Principles of Plant Layout, The First-Time Entrepreneur’s Guide to Wealth Management, Instagram Marketing: 7 Powerful Tips You Must Try, Happy Boss’s Day! Process layout is suitable in the following cases, where: 1.


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