A hallmark of effective writers is the ability to express the desired message in … Constructive language phrases a potentially negative message in a positive way, whereas destructive language directs blame and criticism toward the reader, creating defensiveness. Concrete and Specific Language. Each language is unique in its own sense. Abstract language is vague and obscure, and does not bring to mind specific visual images. What numerical value would you assign to each of them? For example: "Is that Acura an expensive car?" (5) It is difficult to estimate the number of people affected by AIDS. To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. • Humans can talk about topics that are displaced. He is lazy and discourteous For this reason, it is important to choose language which is as precise and clear as possible. Notice that any of the three examples could be effective, depending upon the reader, the writer's relationship with the reader, and the situation. Humans developed oral communication (50,000 years ago) and written symbols (2,000 years ago) to represent ideas/things around them. Henry Sweet, an English phonetician and language scholar, stated: “Language is the expression of ideas by means of speech-sounds combined into words. If your work doesn't improve, I'll have to replace you with someone else." (2) Our student body is dull and slack-minded. This can include information, emotion, imagination and other elements of thought such as humor. Notice how much more effective the statements become as the language becomes more specific and concrete. I am considering dropping out and taking the class next quarter from Dr. Johnstone, who can explain the information much more clearly. 1) English: Celts, Anglos, Saxons, Vikings, Romans. Language teachers also need to be clear regarding their goals in the classroom. Explain the six characteristics of language and the six characteristics of nonverbal communication. (3) certainly Consider the following examples. You do not get along well with John (3) Instructor to student: "I have never had a student who was so confused with this material. Indifference or apathy about an issue of importance to the reader, Negative evaluation or judgment of the reader (as opposed to neutral descriptions or observations), Skepticism or doubt about the reader's credibility or the legitimacy of their claims. Characteristics of Language 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (4) unlikely 2. Generally speaking, the following are considered common features of all languages: Arbitrariness 5. (1) Why the student body should continue in this state of apathy is not really understandable. CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN LANGUAGE 1. I don't want to drop out, but I have never been so frustrated with an instructor in my whole life." (1) It is widely discussed by employees that many of them will be forced to change jobs and take on new responsibilities when the merger takes place between the two companies. Displacement 4. Note the potential confusion or ambiguity in these phrases. In short, it is wise to think carefully about your choice of words and their potential interpretations. Language is a Social Tool and Characteristics of Human Language Must be Learned Language is unique, creative, complex and modifiable. A hallmark of effective writers is the ability to express the desired message in as few words as possible. "The presently assigned paper necessitates an eloquently articulated analysis of the Existentialist perspective as it pertains to contemporary living. Very Formal: Exceedingly large segments of the population are expressing their discontent with medical practitioners who appear to more engrossed in amassing financial assets than in providing efficacious care to people with health disorders. When we speak of language functions, we're referring to the purpose of the speaker or sender who is using the language.The objectives and purposes of the person who is speaking will determine the dominant function. He leaves his dirty dishes on the kitchen counter, Your relationship with John is unacceptable Participants generally agreed that effective teachers speak the target language well (preferably at an advanced level) and also understand the target culture. The best way to use such relative terms, then, is to compare them to something concrete and "known" to the reader. Arbitrariness 5. Perhaps you should take an easier course from an easier professor. Each of the following are actual headlines printed in newspapers. Concise Language. Consider the following examples. Discreetness. Social tool Language is not essential for communication Communication is the purpose of language Language enables us to communicate ideas and desires … Cultural transmission 3. You and John insult each other too much (2) doubtful He is a bad roommate Concrete language includes descriptions which create tangible images with details the reader can visualize. 10 characteristics of language.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Either word might be equally appropriate, depending upon the reader and situation. (4) He's an interesting individual. In other words, words can be interpreted in different ways by different people in different situations. ", A letter sent to high school students warning them of the risks of an unhealthy diet: is best answered with a comparison: "Compared to that Honda, the Acura is expensive. The statements at the bottom, which are more concrete, are less open to multiple interpretations. What makes a language teacher effective? In both examples above, the language that is used is unfamiliar to the readers. … The use of appropriate language is a tricky matter because the meaning of words is relative and situational. Why would these examples create defensiveness in the reader? The statement at the top is abstract, but the statements become increasingly concrete and specific toward the bottom. Would other people assign the same value to these words as you did? Displacement 4. Notice their double meaning. P>, (1) probable Productivity/ Creativity 2. Speaking itself is productivity. Without language, the world would be meaningless. Today's English is 5x larger than Shakespeare's dictionary. Six Characteristics of an Effective Language Teacher. That was the topic for this week’s #LangChat. CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN LANGUAGE 1. A language is a complex system that allows people to communicate meaning. By using language that is familiar to the reader, the message is likely to have more impact. The following are common characteristics of language. Language Creates our Understanding of Reality. • PRODUCTIVITY/ CREATIVITY: Whatever we speak or create is productivity. How could you change the use of language to make these examples more constructive? You may ask what are the social functions of language. Select the characteristic of the 12 you believe is most important and explain why it is the most important. Consider the following words. Start studying 6 Characteristics of Language. You should adumbrate the points which represent the sine qua non of your analysis. These characteristics of language set human language apart from animal communication. You and John have a lot of arguments Language and Meaning are Randomly/Arbitrarily. There are the six characteristics of language. Good writers, in other words, use language which is straightforward and to-the-point. 10 Characteristics of Language Language as Medium of Communication. Cultural transmission 3. Discreetness. (2) Student to instructor: "You have confused me so badly with your lectures that I don't know what to do. Notice that these terms can vary widely in the meaning to different people. To communicate effectively, precise and clear language is essential. (2) Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case, the members of the jury should be sure to carefully think about, ponder and reflect on all of the important and relevant testimony in the case. In actuality, the range of values varies greatly because these terms are relative: they can mean different things to different people in different situations. Speaking itself is productivity. As a result, the message loses its impact. You have claimed that you are having some serious personal problems, but even if this is true, you cannot allow it to affect the quality of your work. 2. Consider the two sets of statements below.

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