Currently, I am working in the field of sugar beet cultivation, at the Institute of Sugar Beet Research, where I also teach scientific writing and enjoy breaking down complex subjects so that students can understand them. Sugar Processing: From Humble Sugar Beet to Favorite Ingredient, Food, Beverage & Tobacco Best-Performing Sector in August, Choose the Right Pump for Your Chemical Dosing Application, Designing a Pump Station to Handle Chronic Flooding, The Versatility of Air-Operated Double Diaphragm Pumps, Centrifugal Pumps: The Condition Monitoring Comparison Guide, Replacing Metallic Wear Components with Composites in Centrifugal Pumps, Oil Moisture Measurement for Industrial Quality Control, In-depth articles on pump industry issues, Expert insights into important topics in the field. The EU is the world’s leading producer of beet sugar. Sugar beet is grown commercially in many countries to add to the production of sugar. Then, plant breeders had a breakthrough and introduced seeds that produce only a single seedling. This site complies with the Health on the Net Foundation Code for trustworthy health information: Verify here. Once the cossettes reach the top, all sugar should be steeped out, and the pulp is sent to the waste section of the facility while the raw sugar juice is measured and sent on to the next step in the process. A simple visualization of that would be something similar to steeping tea. After the sugar beet plant has developed nine or more leaves, the “beet” or underground storage organ, is formed. After the washing and slicing of beets, the cossettes enter the diffusion tower where, in essence, they are steeped. Hot water allows the sugar to seep out of the beets, turning the water into raw sugar juice that will be processed and refined further. Missed your issue of Pumps & Systems because you are not at work? A magnetic flow meter uses sensors in an obstructionless device to receive magnetic readings caused by impurities in the water. Last updated 11 February 2014. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2004.00218.x, [4] ↑ Mahlein, A.-K., Kuska, M. T., Behmann, J., Polder, G., and Walter, A. Sugar beet and sugar cane go-to sources for sugar because they have the highest percentage of sucrose of all plants. The collected energy is used in a second reaction to produce the sugar glucose. 1 The process varies slightly to produce different types of sugar… But where does glucose come from? Sugar Beets Take Root. At first, only small circular dark spots with a reddish border are visible, but the fungus produces a toxic substance that destroys the leaf tissue and ends up killing large areas or even whole leaves. Photosynthesis: ↑ The process green plants use to produce energy, in the form of sugar, from sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide. On average, six to seven sugar beets are needed to produce 1 kg sugar (~2.2 lbs), which is a crop area of about 1 m2. Biol. But there are also sugars in which thousands of sugar molecules are linked together to form an enormous unit, like starch. Hyperspectral sensors and imaging technologies in phytopathology: state of the art. Much of the sugar produced is sent on to confectioners and food and beverage producers, but some will also make its way to the grocery store shelves and, ultimately, into your morning cup of coffee. The green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), for example, can transmit a virus causing a yellowing of the sugar beet leaves, which inhibits photosynthesis and reduces sugar production. El Paso historic district increases pumping capacity with axial flow pumps and formed suction intake. Fructose is also produced during this step. We will be provided with an authorization token (please note: passwords are not shared with us) and will sync your accounts for you. How do humble beets turn into a pound of sugar? Tom Belling is a business development manager at Emerson, focused on the food and beverage industry. Napoleon’s actions ultimately spurred the growth of an industry that spread to the Americas. A simple model relating yield loss to weed density. The process of creating the sugar syrup, which gets processed further into molasses and refined sugar, is similar in each facility, as is the fact that processing beets takes a considerable amount of water. Published online: August 21, 2020. US, EU and Russia are three of the largest producers of sugar beet. Mol. Front. Noncontacting radar and vibrating fork level detectors are used to ensure the water levels for moving the beets along, and for washing the beets, are at adequate levels. Copyright © 2020 Kuska, Tiedemann and Mahlein. Let us have a look at how sugar beets are cultivated (Figure 3). The process varies slightly to produce different types of sugar, for example: Olive oil: How is it produced? 5:157–66. For both, the refining process removes all impurities and the surrounding plant matter, leaving only pure sucrose. Therefore, I use modern machines, cameras and computers to analyze plant diseases and pests in greenhouses and on the field. Most sugar beet processing facilities use holding ponds for sludge water that remains after washing and purification steps. This is then mixed with the sugar juice in specific ratios and at a carefully regulated pH level to draw out the impurities. 107:239–52. For example, by using special cameras and computer systems, the plant diseases can be predicted much earlier than they can by the naked eye, and farmers can use fungicides in a more targeted way [4]. Cultivation of crops may look simple, but this is not true if you want to grow crops large enough to feed many people. At which time, they will need to be harvested. The most widespread and destructive disease of sugar beet leaves is caused by a fungus with the Latin name Cercospora beticola. The calcium in the milk of lime bonds with many different impurities depending on the pH level in the solution. In addition to sugar, other products made from sugar beet include animal feed, bioethanol and biogas. At each stage, the pulp goes up in the diffusion tower, and more sugar is extracted from the cossettes. It is a meticulous process with many steps that starts with the unloading of the beets into the entry flume, also known as the beet river because it uses water to convey the beets to the washer before they get sliced into cossettes. European Commission website, Agriculture and Rural Development section, “Sugar”. Ann. doi: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-080417-050100. In doing so, the plants produce energy and ensure that we can breathe fresh, oxygen-rich air. In the evaporators, maintaining precise level control is essential, and a remote sensor becomes a valuable tool to help an operator know exactly what’s happening and if adjustments are needed. Pure water does not conduct an electrical current, but as soon as there are impurities in the water, a magnetic flow meter can read the flow. Inside the chloroplasts within leaves, light, water (H. Figure 2 - Fully developed sugar beet plant. Globally, 20% of sugar is produced from sugar beet; the other 80% is produced from sugar cane.1 Vertical Farming – what’s the deal anyway? Joshua Friesz is a global product manager for Emerson’s Automation Solutions business located in Shakopee, Minnesota. High-sucrose plants are cultivated for the table sugar we use to make our delicious sweets. Glucose is then combined with fructose to create sucrose. The leafy sugar beet tops are sliced off and the roots are lifted out of the ground with special harvesting equipment. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1985.tb01567.x, [3] ↑ Weiland, J., and Koch, G. 2004. The below-ground part is the storage organ, called the taproot, which has hairy roots to absorb water and nutrients. The EU is the world’s leading producer of beet sugar. At the Institute of Sugar Beet Research, my team and I are responsible for developing innovative sugar beet cultivation practices. This explains why usually a Coriolis flow and density meter is used to tackle this particular measurement job at the sugar plant. Having a reliable measurement of water helps in tracking consumption so users can improve sustainability. However, the sugar beet is not flowering when grown for sugar production, thus sugar beet fields are not attractive to honey, wild or bumble bees. 1. In the second step of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide from the air enters the leaves through very small openings. Full production of sugar from sugar beets did not start until Napoleon insisted on an alternative source of sugar when the British blockaded cane sugar imports into France during the Napoleonic wars. In 1747, the German chemist Andreas Sigismund Marggraf discovered that beets produce the same sugar as sugar cane. This prompted the development of beet sugar’s commercial viability. Before the sugar is ready for use, it still needs to go through a purification process. Hey Beet Sugar: JUST BEAT IT! In this process, detailed measurement is essential; however, there is the risk of coating buildup in the flow meters used to measure the solution balance.


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