In this paper I will discuss why I feel Deontology (Immanuel Kant's philosophy) is more correct than Utilitarianism (John Stuart Mill), as applied to a specific issue. While this deep thought might take an inordinately long time and sometimes not even result in action, it is still seen as a higher good than simply action for action's sake. All Rights Reserved. Web.26 November. The objective of this study is to analyze the rights of employees to health and safety in the workplace in regards to the scenario as follows: Which is why when determining if an act is morally good or bad it depends on the character and motive. Since the beginning of recorded human history, people have been obsessed with personal fulfillment. 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Giving up what would make you happy for your family's happiness is partly what utilitarianism is about. Nineteenth century philosopher John Stewart Mill's utilitarianism approach sees fulfillment from the completely opposite angle, with one's actions over time being the lens through which happiness is viewed. Instead of doing that a virtuous person would show kindness toward that person so that they can make him or she feels better. imaginable degree, area of DoRight has recently been hired as the President of the "Universal Human Care Hospital," where he oversees all departments with over 5,000 employees and over 20,000 patients at the medical facility. It is evident that ethics and morality plays a crucial role when it comes to human interactions within a particular social order. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Virtue ethics then is concerned with what makes a person virtuous versus vicious when it comes to making moral decisions, with emotions playing an important role. Out of the three ethical theories, I’m torn between both virtue ethics and utilitarianism. This is the fundamental goal of virtue ethics. In this ethical system, the ethical actor functions as a moral observer, dispassionately making decisions without regard to him or herself or his or her personal investment in the decision. - Definition, Analysis & Example, Vietnam War During the Nixon Years: Learning Objectives & Activities, Creative Writing Exercises for Middle School, What Is the PSAT 10? While this method might involve more trial and error than contemplation, it would produce faster and more results. Electronic Inspiration LLC. There is more than one path to get the same result. the person (Donaldson 10). credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In my view, different types of decisions require different ethical theories. Retrieved on November 9, 2011 from http://web.missouri.edu/~johnsonrn/deon.html, "Deontology Vs Utilitarianism The Right Choice Deontology" (2011, November 09) Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://www.paperdue.com/essay/deontology-vs-utilitarianism-the-right-choice-52800, "Deontology Vs Utilitarianism The Right Choice Deontology" 09 November 2011. Give two examples of possible net surpluses that three voters get from two possible political policies A and B. 's' : ''}}. Mill, however, advocated for less talk and more action. Peter took his son to the doctor and found out that his son needs a very expensive surgery. If a person murders another person, for instance, a utilitarian would advocate for the death penalty as this would put a stop to the murderer and be good for a greater number of people, since the execution would prevent greater pain and suffering for the many. In each example, assume that each voter gets a certain money value from having the voter. Utilitarianism is the philosophy that all ethical decisions must strive to do 'the greatest good for the greatest number of people.' Some have argued whether deep contemplation with less action is preferable over continuous action with less contemplation. However, the downfall of this ethics system is not being justice-oriented. Your happiness will decrease if it's morally wrong. Get access risk-free for 30 days, This is where action comes in. An act, either it is morally wrong or good is acceptable as long as the end outcome is greater. The example of Fred, Lila and a potential bombing of the city presents a case, Utilitarianism is defined as ethic based on consequences. Dr. Sipper holds a PhD in Education, a Master's of Education, and a Bachelor's in English. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. He was famous for thinking deeply, which is one of the reasons his philosophies are still discussed some 2,500 years later! To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 As stated previously virtue ethics focus more on the person rather than the rules and consequence and utilitarianism focus on the principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. Consequentialism and deontology are useful not only for looking at personal decisions but also for breaking down the ethics of government policy and societal institutions. 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