The Desert Lesser Whitethroat on Teesside. The subspecies europaeus is a contentious form, some authors regarding it as a fully valid (albeit variable) subspecies, others as an intergrade population between nominate caudatus and the darker southern European forms. 2001). Kennerley, P. & Pearson, D. 2010. Nominate naevia is a common summer visitor to Britain. Further research into the field identification of fuscus may enable progress to be made but, for the moment at least, this subspecies seems only to be provable in a vagrant context by DNA analysis. You are here: Home » Subspecies Information » Warblers and Long-tailed Tit. Challenge Series: Autumn. Cramp, S. et al. From the Rarities Committee’s files: Eastern Grasshopper Warbler – are there any confirmed British records? 2010. Quite what constitutes a fully ‘pure’ nominate caudatus remains contentious, however, some authors (e.g. 2001, Parkin & Knox 2010). British Birds 108: 231-236. The identification of europaeus is problematic and it is not clear how most could be confidently distinguished either from a pale-looking rosaceus or, in the case of partially white-headed birds, from a nominate caudatus x europaeus intergrade. The song of most species is quite harsh and repetitive. This subspecies tends to be more grey-brown above and off-white below, with very little green and yellow in the plumage, but given the extensive intergradation with acredula and the appearance of yakutensis-like birds within the range of both acredula and nominate trochilus, it is not clear how a firm diagnosis can be made. The Sylvia warblers are birds of scrub are perhaps the most visible of the warbler groups, at least in Britain. Eurasian Reed Warbler: the characters and variation associated with the Asian form fuscus. Svensson, L. 1992. Grasshopper Warbler comprises three subspecies – nominate naevia in west, central and northern Europe and western Russia, obscurior in the Caucasus and straminea (‘Eastern Grasshopper Warbler’) in western Siberia, Kazakhstan, north-west China and western Mongolia. Mol. The very similar Chiffchaff is one of our earliest returning migrants (and many now overwinter), but is scarcer further north. Nominate trochilus is an abundant summer visitor and passage migrant to Britain, whilst acredula is a common pasage migrant, mainly to the east coast. 1993, Harrap & Quinn 1996, Jansen & Nap 2008). Racial identification and assessment in Britain. Nominate caudatus is also on the British List, and although its historical status is a little obscure, it is now recognised as very rare. Home. Here you will find 602 North American bird songs. Birding World 14: 12-15. In general terms, birds become larger/longer-winged and paler towards the east but several plumage types (termed ‘warm’, ‘typical’ and ‘grey’) have been identified whilst birds from the Middle East are noticeably small. In the meantime, observers should focus on size, wing length/primary projection, tail length, bill size, the precise colour of the upperparts (including the nape), the colour of the underparts and, in first-year birds, the precise pattern of white in the outer tail feathers. Recent genetic analysis (Olsson et al. Rüppell's WarblerSardinian WarblerMoltoni's WarblerSubalpine WarblerSpectacled WarblerMarmora's Warbler, Eastern Crowned WarblerGreenish WarblerArctic WarblerPallas' WarblerHume's WarblerRadde's WarblerDusky WarblerWestern Bonelli's WarblerEastern Bonelli's WarblerIberian Chiffchaff. Tits, Nuthatches and Treecreepers. Forming monogamous pairs, both parents raise the chicks, bringing them insects to eat. Within this large grouping are a number of distinctive subgroups, usually consisting of species within a single genus. This bird lacks a clear white throat, whitish outer tail feathers, and although colours are difficult to judge due to warm light, this seems a Willow/Chiffchaff to me. A summer visitor to the UK, it weaves its nest as a sling between two or three reed stems, and lays three to five eggs in it. Nominate scirpaceus breeds in Europe east to Ukraine, the eastern subspecies fuscus (‘Caspian Reed Warbler’) in central Turkey and the Caucasus east to north-west China and south to the Middle East. Vocalisations offer little help but biometrics would be useful for a trapped bird, particularly rubicola. Birding World 17: 12. The Birds of the Western Palearctic Vol 6. A - Z. Claims of europaeus are welcomed if accompanied by a ringing recovery. Shirihai, H., Gargallo, G. & Helbig, A. J. In reality, straminea can only be proven in a vagrant context by DNA analysis. Pearson, D. J., Small, B. J. The taxonomy of this complex might therefore not yet be settled. Harvey, P. V., & Small, B. J. Bird Warbler Songbird. Identification of vagrant subspecies is problematic. 2001. (updated Dec 2017 AMS). Most species do, however, quite different songs which are often rich, complex and melodious. Yellow-browed warblers don’t breed in the UK, but they appear as passage birds most years, sometimes in large numbers. The marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris) is an Old World warbler currently classified in the family Acrocephalidae.It breeds in temperate Europe and the western Palearctic and winters mainly in south east Africa. Biometrics provide no useful clues. The subspecies yakutensis is not on the British List but is a potential vagrant and birds showing its published characters have been noted in Britain. Listen to warblers on bird-sounds.net. Nominate scirpaceus varies little across its range but fuscus exhibits extensive and complex though clinal variation. 2014. The Locustella, or grasshopper, warblers similarly live in dense vegetation and have a simple and seemingly endless, whirring, song which gives them their name. Only nominate cetti is on the British List but orientalis and albiventris are perhaps potential vagrants. Long-tailed Tit comprises seventeen subspecies. Oxford University Press, Oxford. British Birds 112: 566-626. The subspecies halimodendri is now on the British List on the basis of eight birds subjected to DNA anlaysis (Holt et al. Nominate curruca is a common summer visitor to Britain and blythi is on the British List, categorised as a scarce migrant. Most migration occurs at night, and birds will put on substantial fat reserves before undertaking these long journeys; it is not unknown for birds to double their body weight with fat in preparation. (updated Dec 2017 AMS). Four subspecies of Whitethroat taxonomy are recognised – nominate communis from western Europe and north-west Africa, volgensis from eastern Europe and western Siberia, icterops from Turkey, the Levant, the Caucasus and Iran and rubicola from Central Asia, southern Siberia and Mongolia, the latter three known collectively as ‘Eastern Whitethroat’. Small, B. The Hippolais warblers have a similar body structure, but their green colouration and foraging habits more recalls the leaf warblers, but they are generally scarce visitors to Britain. However, this subspecies is known to be dispersive and is a likely vagrant, indeed a number of birds resembling either this subspecies or nominate caudatus x europaeus intergrades have been recorded here. 67: 72-85. Nominate caudatus is a striking subspecies but it needs to be separated from nominate caudatus x europaeus intergrades. Shop. (updated Dec 2017 AMS). Helm, London. Most species do, however, quite different songs which are often rich, complex and melodious. They have an elongated body profile, which facilitates their clambering about in the vegetation, and are mostly brown in colour. One of the more challenging bird families to identify are the Parulidae; or wood-warblers. The identification of straminea is highly problematic, indeed on curent knowledge it is virtually indistinguishable from naevia/obscurior, whilst there is also the potential for confusion with Lanceolated Warbler L. lanceolata.

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