Ideally, measurement should be reliable, noninvasive, nontraumatic, culturally acceptable, user friendly, and hygienic. The horizontal line in the middle indicates the mean difference of two measurements, and two additional lines indicate above and below the mean (upper and lower limit of agreement). Similarly, their differences were clinically not significant. Device type (GMT, DT)and dwelling time of GMT (5 min and 10 min) were the study variables. Lin, and C.-H. Huang, “Research and practice of axillary temperature measurement at interval,”, J. V. Craig, G. A. Lancaster, P. R. Williamson, and R. L. Smyth, “Temperature measured at the axilla compared with rectum in children and young people: systematic review,”, N. J. Shanks, A. Lambourne, C. Morton, and J. R. A. Sanford, “Comparison of accuracy of digital and standard mercury thermometers,”, R. Kitsommart and S. Phatthanasiriwetin, “Accuracy and precision of digital thermometer in neonatal temperature measurement,”, N. S. Latman, P. Hans, L. Nicholson, S. Delee Zint, K. Lewis, and A. Shirey, “Evaluation of clinical thermometers for accuracy and reliability,”, R. Imani, S. Salehi, R. Habibian, B. Sadeghi, and K. Hatamipour, “Comparative study of measuring body temperature by mercury and digital thermometer,”. The demographic performa was filled before starting the procedures. Febrile illness is defined as a disease characterized by an increase of body temperature more than 37.5°C resulting from infectious process. Agreement of 10 min glass mercury with digital thermometers in specific range of temperature. The mean temperature of 10 min GMT and digital was 37.30 ± 0.78. A convenient sampling technique was used as the study has no frame. While these conditions all cause fever, the management of the condition itself results in the management of the fever [4]. Due to inconsistencies in both research methods and clinical practice [31, 32], nurses are challenging in selecting the measurement method that is most appropriate for a patient and provides the most accurate and precise approximation of core temperature [33]. Due concerns about the breakages and environmental hazards of digital thermometers have evolved with the hope of replacing the glass mercury thermometer. Even though statistical significant differences () were noted between 10 min GMT and DT, the strong correlation, good agreements, and clinical insignificances make DT good alternative to the traditional GMT. Children’s decisions concerning investigation and treatment may be based on the results of temperature alone. After this pretest, some modifications were incorporated. For body temperature, degree Celsius scale of measurement was used in both GMT and DT. It is designed to investigate whether DT is suitable alternative to GMT in children. Comparative descriptive study design was used to compare body temperature between GMT and digital thermometer among under-5 children with FI at axillary site in Axum St. Marry Hospital. N. Rahman, F. B. Kasem, M. R. Islam, M. R. Islam, R. Sultana, and A. Matin, “Comparison between mercury and liquid crystal forehead thermometers for measurment of body temperature,”, B. J. Holtzclaw, “Circadian rhythmicity and homeostatic stability in thermoregulation,”, A. Content validity was checked by experts. Infrared thermometers can also record the temperature of the body, surface or environment which is not possible with digital thermometers. The danger signs lead to appropriate referral for the illness. Of these, the four thermometers gave the same value. Researches on those devices are scarce besides the manufacturer’s data sheets. Objective. He, “The study on different time to take temperature in axillary,”, L. Sheng, C. Heping, and Z. Qinfang, “Probe into measuring time of auxillary temperature for patients,”, S.-Y. The readings taken with infrared thermometers are obtained quickly ie within 10 seconds. Comparative descriptive study was used. A clinical thermometer’s range is 35 degrees Celsius to 42 degrees Celsius while a laboratory thermometer’s range is wider at -10 degrees Celsius to 110 degrees Celsius. Gradually they got replaced by a mercurial one for example alcohol thermometers. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Of the 5 GMT and DT, 3 GMT and 3 DT were used. Figure 5 shows 10 min GMT was higher in 75 individuals than DT. All of the readings were falling within the lines of limits of agreement, that is, upper limit of 0.4 and lower limit of −0.1487. The accuracy of devices to record and grade temperature is uncertain [1]. Gradually they got replaced by a mercurial one for example alcohol thermometers. Likewise, their concordance in detecting hypothermia should be investigated since the sensitivity may differ;(iii)Moreover, researchers should repeat the study by using core temperature as the gold standard for comparison since comparison of DT with GMT may have additive effect of deviation from core temperature;(iv)FMHACA should focus on DT rather than GMT as it has no clinical significance difference with GMT and have some advantages over GMT (being easy to read, having fast result, and being environmentally friendly) [5, 19]. was considered statistically significant. The false low and false high result related to accuracy of thermometer device and dwelling time may lead to misdiagnosis and treatment. Study participants were under 5 years of age and body temperature was not increased or decreased intentionally.


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